Clipboards

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Clipboards are used to copy (or cut) and paste lighting effects from some channels (or RGB channels) to others.  In the Light-O-Rama Sequence Editor, you can have multiple different clipboards at once, allowing you to keep several different copied sets of effects pastable simultaneously.  You can also save clipboards so that their contents will still be available to you even when you use the Sequence Editor again in the future, lock clipboards so that they cannot be copied to (thus preventing accidental overwriting of their contents), and set various options on how pasting behaves (paste by cell, paste by time, stretch to fit, repeat to fit, and paste from foreground).

 

Clipboards can be managed through the Clipboards subpanel of the left-hand Tools Panel:

 

ClipboardsPanel

The Clipboards subpanel

 

Adding New Clipboards

 

By default, the Sequence Editor has a single clipboard, as in the picture above.  However, the "Add New Clipboard" button can be used to quickly create multiple clipboards:

 

ClipboardsSubpanelMultiple

The Clipboards subpanel, with three clipboards

 

When multiple clipboards exist, you can select which one is currently in use simply by selecting the radio button to the left of its name.

 

Locking and Unlocking Clipboards

 

A clipboard can be locked or unlocked; a locked clipboard cannot be copied to (though it can still be pasted  from).  This is so as to prevent accidentally overwriting copied effects that you want to keep available.  If you attempt to copy to a locked clipboard, a beep will occur to alert you that something is amiss.

 

You can lock an unlocked clipboard by pressing the "unlocked" button to the right of its name; the button will then change to "locked":

 

ClipboardLocked

A locked clipboard

 

To unlock a locked clipboard, press the "locked" button, which will then change to "unlocked".

 

Saving Clipboards

 

Clipboards can be saved for later use, so that their contents will be available to you whenever you use the Sequence Editor in the future; any saved clipboards will be automatically loaded for you when you start up the Sequence Editor.  To save a clipboard, right-click on the its name, which will open up a popup menu:

 

ClipboardPopupMenu

The clipboard popup menu

 

Select "Save Clipboard" from the popup menu; you will be prompted to give the clipboard a name (unless you have done so before), and the clipboard will then be moved to a different section in the top of the list of clipboards, in a different color, indicating that it is a saved clipboard:

 

ClipboardsWithSaved

Clipboards, with a saved clipboard

 

A clipboard will be automatically locked upon being saved; you can, of course, unlock it if you wish.  If you do unlock the clipboard, and make changes to it, the changes will automatically be resaved immediately, unless you turn off "Automatically Resave" in the Clipboard Preferences menu, in which case they will not be saved until the Sequence Editor closes, or until you select "Save Clipboard" again.

 

Renaming Clipboards, and Other Uses of the Popup Menu

 

The clipboard popup menu (for a clipboard that has not been saved) also gives you the ability to rename the clipboard, remove the clipboard from the list, and to lock or unlock the clipboard:

 

ClipboardPopupMenu

The clipboard popup menu

 

For a saved clipboard, the popup menu gives you the option to "unsave" the clipboard, thus moving it back into the "Other Clipboards" section (and making it so that the clipboard will not be automatically loaded the next time that you start the Sequence Editor), and to lock or unlock the clipboard.

 

Loading Clipboards

 

Any saved clipboard will be automatically loaded whenever you start the Sequence Editor.  However, if you had previously saved a clipboard, but had removed it from the saved list, you can later manually open it up again via the Clipboards subpanel's "Load Clipboard" button.

 

If you wish to reload the contents of a saved clipboard (for example, if a third party tool has changed the clipboard's save file outside of the Sequence Editor), this will automatically be done if "Automatically Reload" is checked on the Clipboard Preferences menu.  Otherwise, you can do so by selecting "Reload Clipboard" from the clipboard's popup menu.

 

Paste Mode

 

Towards the bottom of the Clipboards subpanel are controls that let you choose between four different paste modes: "Paste by Cell", "Paste by Time", "Stretch to Fit", and "Repeat to Fit".  "Paste by cell" pastes the effects based upon the relative durations of the copied cells and the cells where they will be pasted; "paste by time" pastes them based only upon the duration of the copied effects; "stretch to fit" stretches the effects to fit into the area that you select; "repeat to fit" repeats as many copies of the effects as necessary to fit them into the area that you select.

 

Paste by Cell

 

Paste by Cell pastes effects based upon the relative durations of the copied cells and the cells where they will be pasted.  For example, consider timings at 0 seconds, 1 second, and 2 seconds.  Between 0 and 1 is a fade up, and between 1 and 2 is a fade down:

 

PasteModeCopyFrom

Events to be copied

 

These events will be copied, and pasted to the time starting at 5 seconds.  There are timings at 5 seconds, 7 seconds, and 7.5 seconds:

 

PasteModeBefore

Where they will be pasted to

 

If "Paste by Cell" is selected, then there will be a fade up from 5 to 7, and a fade down from 7 to 7.5:

 

PasteModeAfterByCell

After pasting by cell

 

Paste by Time

 

Paste by Time pastes effects based upon their durations as they were copied. For example, consider timings at 0 seconds, 1 second, and 2 seconds.  Between 0 and 1 is a fade up, and between 1 and 2 is a fade down:

 

PasteModeCopyFrom

Events to be copied

 

These events will be copied, and pasted to the time starting at 5 seconds.  There are timings at 5 seconds, 7 seconds, and 7.5 seconds:

 

PasteModeBefore

Where they will be pasted to

 

If "Paste by Time" is selected, then there will be a fade up from 5 to 6, and a fade down from 6 to 7.  The timings at 7 and 7.5 are ignored; only the original lengths of the events are used:

 

PasteModeAfterByTime

After pasting by time

 

Stretch to Fit

 

Stretch to Fit stretches (or compresses) effects to fit into the area that you have selected, without regards to any timings within that area.  For example, consider timings at 0 seconds, 1 second, and 2 seconds.  Between 0 and 1 is a fade up, and between 1 and 2 is a fade down:

 

PasteModeCopyFrom

Events to be copied

 

These events will be copied, and pasted to the time starting at 5 seconds, with the area between 5 seconds and 7.5 seconds selected.  There are timings at 5 seconds, 7 seconds, and 7.5 seconds:

 

PasteModeBefore

Where they will be pasted to

 

If "Stretch to Fit" is selected, then since the copied effects totalled two seconds in length, and since the area being pasted to is two and a half seconds in length, each effect will be stretched to 125% of its original length (since 2.5 seconds is 125% of 2 seconds).  Therefore, there will be a fade up from 5 seconds to 6.25 seconds, and a fade down from 6.25 seconds to 7.5 seconds:

 

PasteModeAfterStretchToFit

After stretching to fit

 

Repeat to Fit

 

Repeat to Fit repeats (or cuts off) effects to fit into the area that you have selected, without regards to any timings within that area.  For example, consider timings at 0 seconds, 1 second, and 2 seconds.  Between 0 and 1 is a fade up, and between 1 and 2 is a fade down:

 

PasteModeCopyFrom

Events to be copied

 

These events will be copied, and pasted to the time starting at 5 seconds, with the area between 5 seconds and 7.5 seconds selected.  There are timings at 5 seconds, 7 seconds, and 7.5 seconds:

 

PasteModeBefore

Where they will be pasted to

 

If "Repeat to Fit" is selected, then since the copied effects totalled two seconds in length, and since the area being pasted to is two and a half seconds in length, there will be one full copy of the copied effects for the first two seconds, followed by the first half second of a second copy of the effects.  That is, there will be a fade up from 5 seconds to 6 seconds, a fade down from 6 seconds to 7 seconds, and the first half of a fade up from 7 seconds to 7.5 seconds:

 

PasteModeAfterRepeatToFit

After repeating to fit

 

Paste from Foreground

 

At the bottom of the Clipboards subpanel is a checkbox labeled "Paste from Foreground".  This checkbox controls whether or not copied "off" effects will overwrite existing effects when pasted.  For example, consider the following portion of a sequence, and imagine that the simple chase on the left will be copied and pasted on top of the twinkling on the right:

 

PasteFromForegroundBefore

Before pasting the chase on top of the twinkling

 

If "Paste from Foreground" is turned off, then the entire copied area - including the off effects - will be pasted:

 

PasteFromForegroundAfterOff

After pasting, without "Paste from Foreground"

 

But if "Paste from Foreground" is turned on, then the off effects are not pasted, leaving some of the cells twinkling:

 

PasteFromForegroundAfterOn

After pasting, with "Paste from Foreground"

 

"Paste from Foreground" also affects the behavior of the Chase tool and the Repeat tool, in similar fashion.